Guide for Authors

Instructions to Authors

1. All submitted materials must be digitized and submitted electronically to, with the manuscript ideally in Microsoft Word. Illustrations (Line drawings (600 dpi or higher) and half tone pictures (300 dpi or higher)) should be submitted separately as Adobe files (layers left unflattened, to allow lettering to be added to figures during layout), never embedded in Word files. Phylogenetic trees will only be accepted when submitted as Powerpoint files or in Adobe (never as pictures).

2. The corresponding author should confirm that: (a) all named authors have agreed to publication of the work; and (b) the manuscript does not infringe any personal or other copyright or property rights.

3. Papers cited as “in press” should be provided for the benefit of the referees.

4. The content should be structured as follows: ABSTRACT, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS OR TAXONOMIC PART, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS and REFERENCES. Key words and a Running Head should also be provided. Keys should be in the following format:


Basidiomata small, pleurotoid (subgenus Claudopus)



Basidiomata different



Basidiomata incarnate-pink

E. indocarneum


Basidiomata ink blue

E. nubilum

Notes or articles of fewer than four printed pages, including illustrations, ordinarily will be published as brief articles. The manuscript format should be similar to regular articles, except that no primary headings are used other than to designate REFERENCES. Secondary headings may be used and are encouraged for clarity of organization.

Neatly typed, clean copy is required. Double-space throughout (all parts, including title, addresses, footnotes, legends, tables, references, etc.). Use line-number guides (left margin) on the original version. Leave at least a 2.5 cm margin on all sides. All text must be left-aligned so that the right margin is uneven (not right-justified). Remove all extra vertical space above or below titles, headings or paragraphs (except in references). Do not format additional space between paragraphs or sections; these will be produced by typesetting codes at the press.

The main text document should be drafted in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) to aid copy editing of accepted papers. Please do not submit article files or tables as PDF, an editable file is needed for copy editing. The text should be in single column format. Manuscripts requiring extensive alterations by the editor will be returned to the author for correction of the computer file.

Identify each page (other than the first) with the first author’s name and the page number in the top right margin. Do not place page breaks between sections.

5. Papers are published in English with an abstract in Persian (Editorial board prepare a Persian abstract for each manuscript received from non-Iranian authors based on English abstract). English spelling is required, and should follow The Cobuild English Dictionary (HarperCollins Publishers, London). Words of non-English origin, like bona fide, prima facie, in vitro, in situ, should be placed in italic, together with scientific names at all ranks.

6. Please submit with the manuscript, names, addresses and e-mail addresses of up to 3 potential referees. Note that the handling editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.

7. Common abbreviations are as follows: h, min, s, mL, µL, mg/L, °C, Fig., d, wk, but also ITS, RPD, RFLP, rDNA, 18S etc. Authorities of fungal taxa should be omitted from the general text, unless novelties and synonymies are listed, or nomenclatural issues discussed. In these cases, authorities for taxa should follow the list of authors’ names, see Journal abbreviations in the text (species synonymies, descriptions, etc.) should follow the International Plant Name Index (see

8. Experimental procedures must be reproducible and must follow Good Cultural Practice (Mycological Research 106: 1378–1379), with sequences lodged at GenBank, voucher specimens in IRAN, or another recognized on-line herbarium (Index Herbariorum or World Directory of Collections and Cultures of Microorganisms acronym, with accession numbers where allocated, and accompanying ex-type and other cultures in Iran and other culture collections. For new taxa or names a MycoBank number is required (see

9. Collections must be cited as: Specimens examined. COUNTRY, location, substratum, date (e.g. 10 Dec. 1993), collector (e.g. T.K. Goh & K.D. Hyde) HERBARIUM number (acronym according to Index Herbariorum), holotype, culture ex-type CBS xxx. (thus only country in small caps and specimen collector + number italics; everything else in roman type).

10. References in the text should be chronological, and given in the following form:“Smith & Jones (1965) have shown ...”, or, “some authors (Zabetta 1928, Taylor & Palmer 1970, Zabetta 1970) consider that ...”. The names of collaborating authors are joined by an ampersand (&). Where there are three or more authors, names should be cited by the first name only, adding “et al.”, e.g. “Bowie, Black & White (1964)” are given as “Bowie et al. (1964)” or “(Bowie et al. 1964)”. Where authors have published more than one work in a year, to which reference is made, they should be distinguished by placing a, b, etc. immediately after the date, e.g. “Dylan (1965a, b)”. Reference citations in text should be in ascending order of year first, followed by authors’ names.

For Web references,as a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, date, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be included in the reference list.

References section, citations should be strictly alphabetical, with papers having the same authors arranged according to date. Each reference should include the full title of the paper and journal, volume number, and the final as well as the first page number. In the case of chapters in books, the names of editors, first and last page numbers of the articles, publisher and place of publication are needed. Examples:

Black JA, Taylor JE. 1999a. Article title. Studies in Mycology 13: 1–10.

Black JA, Taylor JE. In press. Article title. Fungal Biology.

Black JA, Taylor JE, White DA. 1981. Article title. In: Book title. (KA Seifert, W Jones & P Jones, eds): 11–30. Press, Country.

Simpson H, Seifert KA. 2000. Book title. 2nd edn. Press, Country.

White DA. 2001. Dissertation title. PhD thesis, Department, University, Country.

Note that references do not contain any BOLD nor ITALIC text. Do not include personal communications, unpublished data, manuscripts or partial page numbers from books and theses; place such references in the text. Manuscripts must have been accepted for publication before they may be cited as (In press). A copy of the letter of acceptance may be requested.

Detailed examples:

New species will appear as follows:

Prosopidicola mexicana Crous & C.L. Lennox, sp. nov. MycoBank xxx; Fig. 4–12 Note that both single and plural figures are marked as Fig. It is Fig. 3 but also Fig. 3, 4.

Basionym: Genus species authors, journal (abbreviated according to IPNI) 5: 19. 1920.


= for synomym

º for obligate synonym (indent)

            Etymology — note this appears immediately below the Latin name(s)

Latin in smaller font [10], not italic, paragraph not indented after a preceding open line


English description paragraph not to be indented after a preceding open line

Please note that ‘–’ (en-dash) is used for the minus sign and all kinds of ranges, not an ordinary hyphen.

NOT 4-5 x 7-10 µm, but 4–5 ´ 7–10 µm, and insert symbol ´ for multiplication.


Colours: grey-black hyphenated, but greyish black not.

Use of a colour chart is needed for rating colours.

Type a space in front of all units (including % and °C).

If similarity to another genus is expressed, use e.g. leptosphaeria-like and acremonium-like; in ‘acremonium-like’ and similar expressions the generic name is degraded to a technical descriptive term, which may be acceptable for well-known anamorphic genera.

When two systems of brackets are needed, always only use round brackets ( ( ) ).


Quotes: Normal quotes between single inverted commas, ‘xxx’; double inverted commas “xxx” may be required for quotations inside another quote or for some deviating expressions, such as an original spelling that has been corrected.

            Subsequent paragraphs are indented

            Cultural characteristics — (use m-dash)

            Substratum — (use m-dash)

            Distribution — (use m-dash)

             Specimens examined. South Africa , Western Cape Province , Stellenbosch, on pods of Prosopis glandulosa, 24 Sept. 2001, C.L. Lennox, holotype Herb. CBS 7948, culture ex-type CBS 113529; Somerset West, ... . Zambia , ………… .

Give countries all over the world in alphabetic sequence. Use a semicolon (;) between all specimens originating from one country. Months are abbreviated to 3 letters with a period, except May, June, July and Sept.

Note that all types (isotype, paratype, epitype, etc.) are in roman type. When a lectotype, neotype or epitype is designated in the present paper, this must be stated (‘designated here’), in newly described taxa this formulation is not needed (Art. 7.11 ICBN does say this, but in a hidden way, by reference to Arts 9.17 and 10.5).

Ex-type cultures CBS XXX (note hyphen in ex-type and space between CBS and number).


Figure and Table numbers in roman type: Use always ‘Fig.’

Fig. 10. Prosopidicola mexicana. a. Vertical section through a pycnidium; b. conidia; c. range of variation observed among young (left) to mature (right) conidiophores and conidiogenous cells. — Scale bars = 10 µm.

Number ALL illustrative material consistently as Fig. (not Plate).

Note that lower case letters should be used for numbering within a figure.

In ALL sentences beginning with a Latin generic name, this name is given in full. Do not start paragraphs OR sentences with abbreviations if this can be helped. Blumeria graminis is a super pathogen. NOT: B. graminis is a super pathogen.