Suillellus comptus, New report for the Iranian mycobiota

Document Type: Short Report

Authors

1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Department of Botany, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

Abstract


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Keywords

Main Subjects


Suillellus is a genus of Bolete fungi belonging to the Boletaceaefamily. First, Murrill (1909) introduced the genus with Suillellus luridus as the type species, however it was later considered as a synonym of Boletus. Phylogenetic overview of the bolete fungi, demonstrated that Suillellus species distinctly have a different lineage than Boletus (Nuhn et al. 2013, Vizzini et al. 2014) and the name eventually returned to the classification of bolete fungi (Klofac & Krisai-Greilhuber 2016). The genus Suillellus contains eleven species.

During surveys from 2014 to 2017, several macro-fungi specimens including the boletes, mycorrhizal with oaks were collected from the region of Eslamabad-e Gharb in west of Iran. Fresh specimens were photographed before collection to save distinctive characters. The specimens examined based on macro and micro-morphological characteristics. Based on morphological examination, three specimens of bolete fungi were identified as Suillellus comptus (Simonini) Vizzini, Simonini and Gelardi. The characteristic features of specimens which led to the identification were as follows. 

Pileus, convex to flat-convex, smooth, and pale to greyish pink, with more or less developed pinkish tint with some reddish brown spots, Fig. 1(a,b). The stipe, cylindrical or club-shaped, pale yellow to bright yellow which gradually darkening upwards to yellowish orange, orange to orange red, in the uppermost part just below the tubes. The stipe base is strongly tapered and rooting. Stipe surface, poorly reticulate or even not reticulate at all, Fig. 1(a, b). Flesh, pale yellow to lemon yellow and is blueing when exposed to air. Pores red to orange red and as like as pileus and stipe is blueing when bruised Fig. 1(c). Spores, ellipsoid, 12–13.2 × 5.9–6.4 μm, Fig. 1(d).

Internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) of two out of three specimens were amplified and sequenced. The sequences obtained and some from known species were used to construct a phylogenetic tree. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using Mega software ver. 5.0 and Neighbor Joining (NJ) approach with 1000 bootstrap replicates. As shown in Fig. 2, phylogenetic analyses confirmed the morphological identification. This is the first report of S. comptus for the mycobiota of Iran. Specimens were deposited in the Fungal Reference Collection of the Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture (IRAN) at the Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran.

Specimens examined. Iran, Kermanshah province, Gilan-e Gharb, Darbadam, under Oak tree, 24 May 2016, E. Seidmohammadi, IRAN 16908F; Kermanshah province, Gilan-e Gharb, Ghalajeh, under Oak tree, 29 May 2015, E. Seidmohammadi, IRAN 16909F; Kermanshah province, Eslamabad-e Gharb, Anjirak, under Oak tree, 12 Apr. 2015, E. Seidmohammadi, IRAN 16910F.

Fig. 1Suillellus comptus.  a. Basidiocarp before expantion; b. expanded Basidiocarp; c. Blueing of pores immediately after touch; d.Basidiospores. — Scale bar = 5 μm.

Fig 2. Phylogenetic tree constructed from the ITS sequence alignment of Suillellus spp. Mega software ver. 5.0 and Neighbor Joining (NJ) approach with 1000 bootstrap replicates. The Iranian specimens are shown with bold triangle lables.

Klofac W, Krisai-Greilhuber I, 2016. Nomenclatural novelties in Boletaceae. Austrian Journal of Mycology 25: 1-3.

Murrill WA, 1909. The Boletaceae of North America: I. Mycologia 1: 4-18.

Nuhn ME, Binder M, Taylor AFS, Halling RE, Hibbett DS, 2013. Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae. Fungal Biology 117: 479-511.

Vizzini A, Simonini G, Ercole E, Voyron S, 2014. Boletus mendax, a new species of Boletus sect. Luridi from Italy and insights on the B. luridus complex. Mycological Progress 13: 95-109.